Research

Selected Peer-Reviewed Journal Publications on Psi Research

(a growing list of articles published mostly in the 21st century, plus other resources, compiled by Dean Radin)

To read the corresponding blog post and write your comments, go here.

The term psi denotes anomalous processes of information or energy transfer, processes such as telepathy or other forms of extrasensory perception that are currently unexplained in terms of known physical or biological mechanisms. The term is purely descriptive: It neither implies that such anomalous phenomena are paranormal nor connotes anything about their underlying mechanisms. (Daryl Bem and Charles Honorton in Psychological Bulletin, 1994)

Healing at a Distance
 

  • Astin et al (2000). The Efficacy of “Distant Healing”: A Systematic Review of Randomized Trials (Download PDF)
     
  • Leibovici (2001). Effects of remote, retroactive intercessory prayer on outcomes in patients with bloodstream infection: randomised controlled trial (Download PDF)
     
  • Krucoff et al (2001). Integrative noetic therapies as adjuncts to percutaneous intervention during unstable coronary syndromes: Monitoring and Actualization of Noetic Training (MANTRA) feasibility pilot (Download PDF)
     
  • Radin et al (2004). Possible effects of healing intention on cell cultures and truly random events (Download PDF)
     
  • Krucoff et al (2005). Music, imagery, touch, and prayer as adjuncts to interventional cardiac care: the Monitoring and Actualisation of Noetic Trainings (MANTRA) II randomised study (Download PDF)
     
  • Benson et al (2006). Study of the therapeutic effects of intercessory prayer (STEP) in cardiac bypass patients (Download PDF)
     
  • Masters & Spielmans (2007). Prayer and Health: Review, Meta-Analysis, and Research Agenda (Download PDF)
     
  • Radin et al (2008). Compassionate intention as a therapeutic intervention by partners of cancer patients: Effects of distant intention on the patients’ autonomic nervous system (Download PDF)
     
  • Schlitz et al (2012). Distant healing of surgical wounds: An exploratory study. (Download PDF)

 

Physiological Correlations at a Distance
 

  • Duane & Behrendt (1965). Extrasensory electroencephalographic induction between identical twins (Download PDF)
     
  • Grinberg-Zylberbaum et al (1994). The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox in the Brain: The transferred potential (Download PDF)
     
  • Wiseman & Schlitz (1997). Experimenter effects and the remote detection of staring (Download PDF)
     
  • Standish et al (2003). Evidence of correlated functional magnetic resonance imaging signals between distant human brains (Download PDF)
     
  • Wackermann et al (2003). Correlations between brain electrical activities of two spatially separated human subjects (Download PDF)
     
  • Schmidt et al (2004). Distant intentionality and the feeling of being stared at: Two meta-analyses (Download PDF)
     
  • Radin (2004). Event related EEG correlations between isolated human subjects (Download PDF)
     
  • Standish et al (2004). Electroencephalographic Evidence of Correlated Event-Related Signals Between the Brains of Spatially and Sensory Isolated Human Subjects (Download PDF)
     
  • Achterberg et al (2005). Evidence for Correlations Between Distant Intentionality and Brain Function in Recipients: A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Analysis (Download PDF)
     
  • Radin (2005). The sense of being stared at: A preliminary meta-analysis (Download PDF)
     
  • Radin & Schlitz (2005). Gut feelings, intuition, and emotions: An exploratory study (Download PDF)
     
  • Schlitz et al (2006). Of two minds: Skeptic-proponent collaboration within parapsychology (Download PDF)
     
  • Moulton & Kosslyn (2008). Using Neuroimaging to Resolve the Psi Debate (Download PDF)
     
  • Ambach (2008). Correlations between the EEGs of two spatially separated subjects: a replication study (Download PDF)
     
  • Hinterberger (2010). Searching for neuronal markers of psi: A summary of three studies measuring electrophysiology in distant participants (Download PDF)
     
  • Schmidt (2012). Can We Help Just by Good Intentions? A Meta-Analysis of Experiments on Distant Intention Effects (Download PDF)
     
  • Jensen & Parker (2012). Entangled in the womb? A pilot study on the possible physiological connectedness between identical twins with different embryonic backgrounds (Download PDF)
     
  • Jensen & Parker (2013). Further possible physiological connectedness between identical twins: The London study (Download PDF)

 

Telepathy & ESP
 

  • Targ & Puthoff (1974). Information transmission under conditions of sensory shielding (Download PDF)

  • Puthoff & Targ (1976). A perceptual channel for information transfer over kilometer distance: Historical perspective and recent research (Download PDF)

  • Eisenberg & Donderi (1979). Telepathic transfer of emotional information in humans (Download PDF)

  • Bem & Honorton (1994). Does psi exist? (Download PDF)

  • Hyman (1994). Anomaly or artifact? Comments on Bem and Honorton (Download PDF)

  • Bem (1994). Response to Hyman (Download PDF)

  • Milton & Wiseman (1999). Does Psi Exist? Lack of Replication of an Anomalous Process of Information Transfer (Download PDF)

  • Storm & Ertel (2001). Does Psi Exist? Comments on Milton and Wiseman's (1999) Meta-Analysis of Ganzfeld Research (Download PDF)

  • Milton & Wiseman (2001). Does Psi Exist? Reply to Storm and Ertel (2001) (Download PDF)

  • Sherwood & Roe (2003). A Review of Dream ESP Studies Conducted Since the Maimonides Dream ESP Programme (Download PDF)

  • Delgado-Romero & Howard (2005). Finding and Correcting Flawed Research Literatures (Download PDF)

  • Hastings (2007). Comment on Delgado-Romero and Howard (Download PDF)

  • Radin (2007). Finding Or Imagining Flawed Research? (Download PDF)

  • Storm et al (2010). Meta-Analysis of Free-Response Studies, 1992–2008: Assessing the Noise Reduction Model in Parapsychology (Download PDF)

  • Storm et al (2010). A Meta-Analysis With Nothing to Hide: Reply to Hyman (2010) (Download PDF)

  • Tressoldi (2011). Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence: the case of non-local perception, a classical and Bayesian review of evidences (Download PDF)

  • Tressoldi et al (2011). Mental Connection at Distance: Useful for Solving Difficult Tasks? (Download PDF)

  • Williams (2011). Revisiting the Ganzfeld ESP Debate: A Basic Review and Assessment (Download PDF)

  • Rouder et al (2013). A Bayes Factor Meta-Analysis of Recent Extrasensory Perception Experiments: Comment on Storm, Tressoldi, and Di Risio (2010) (Download PDF)

  • Storm et al (2013). Testing the Storm et al. (2010) Meta-Analysis Using Bayesian and Frequentist Approaches: Reply to Rouder et al. (2013) (Download PDF)

 

General Overviews & Critiques
 

  • Utts (1996). An assessment of the evidence for psychic functioning (Download PDF)
     
  • Alcock (2003). Give the Null Hypothesis a Chance (Download PDF)
     
  • Parker & Brusewitz (2003). A Compendium of the Evidence for Psi (Download PDF)
     
  • Carter (2010). Heads I lose, tails you win (Download PDF)

 

Survival of Consciousness
 

  • van Lommel et al (2001). Near-death experience in survivors of cardiac arrest: a prospective study in the Netherlands (Download PDF)
     
  • van Lommel (2006). Near-death experience, consciousness, and the brain (Download PDF)
     
  • Beischel & Schwartz (2007). Anomalous information reception by research mediums demonstrated using a novel triple-blind protocol (Download PDF)
     
  • Greyson (2010). Seeing Dead People Not Known to Have Died: “Peak in Darien” Experiences (Download PDF)
     
  • Kelly (2010). Some Directions for Mediumship Research (Download PDF)
     
  • Kelly & Arcangel (2011). An Investigation of Mediums Who Claim to Give Information About Deceased Persons (Download PDF)
     
  • Nahm et al (2011). Terminal lucidity: A review and a case collection (Download PDF)
     
  • Facco & Agrillo (2012). Near-death experiences between science and prejudice (Download PDF)
     
  • Matlock (2012). Bibliography of reincarnation resources online (articles and books, all downloadable)(Download PDF)

 

Precognition & Presentiment
 

  • Honorton & Ferrari (1989). “Future telling”: A meta-analysis of forced-choice precognition experiments, 1935-1987 (Download PDF)
     
  • Spottiswoode & May (2003). Skin Conductance Prestimulus Response: Analyses, Artifacts, and a Pilot Study (Download PDF)
     
  • Radin (2004). Electrodermal presentiments of future emotions (Download PDF)
     
  • McCraty et al (2004). Electrophysiological Evidence of Intuition: Part 1. The Surprising Role of the Heart (Download PDF)
     
  • McCraty et al (2004). Electrophysiological Evidence of Intuition: Part 2. A System-Wide Process? (Download PDF)
     
  • Radin & Lobach (2007). Toward understanding the placebo effect: Investigating a possible retrocausal factor (Download PDF)
     
  • Radin & Borges (2009). Intuition through time: What does the seer see? (Download PDF)
     
  • Bem (2011). Feeling the Future: Experimental Evidence for Anomalous Retroactive Influences on Cognition and Affect (Download PDF)
     
  • Bem et al (2011). Must Psychologists Change the Way They Analyze Their Data? (Download PDF)
     
  • Bierman (2011). Anomalous Switching of the Bi-Stable Percept of a Necker Cube: A Preliminary Study (Download PDF)
     
  • Radin et al (2011). Electrocortical activity prior to unpredictable stimuli in meditators and non-meditators (Download PDF)
     
  • Radin (2011). Predicting the Unpredictable: 75 Years of Experimental Evidence (Download PDF)
     
  • Tressoldi et al (2011). Let Your Eyes Predict : Prediction Accuracy of Pupillary Responses to Random Alerting and Neutral Sounds (Download PDF)
     
  • Galek et al (2012). Correcting the Past: Failures to Replicate Psi (Download PDF)
     
  • Mossbridge et al (2012). Predictive physiological anticipation preceding seemingly unpredictable stimuli: a meta-analysis (Download PDF)

 

Theory
 

  • Josephson & Pallikari-Viras (1991). Biological Utilisation of Quantum NonLocality (Download PDF)
     
  • May et al (1995). Decision augmentation theory: Towards a model of anomalous mental phenomena (Download PDF)
     
  • Houtkooper (2002). Arguing for an Observational Theory of Paranormal Phenomena (Download PDF)
     
  • Bierman (2003). Does Consciousness Collapse the Wave-Packet? (Download PDF)
     
  • Dunne & Jahn (2005). Consciousness, information, and living systems (Download PDF)
     
  • Henry (2005). The mental universe (Download PDF)
     
  • Hiley & Pylkkanen (2005). Can Mind Affect Matter Via Active Information? (Download PDF)
     
  • Lucadou et al (2007). Synchronistic Phenomena as Entanglement Correlations in Generalized Quantum Theory (Download PDF)
     
  • Rietdijk (2007). Four-Dimensional Physics, Nonlocal Coherence, and Paranormal Phenomena (Download PDF)
     
  • Bierman (2010). Consciousness induced restoration of time symmetry (CIRTS ): A psychophysical theoretical perspective (Download PDF)
     
  • Tressoldi et al (2010). Extrasensory perception and quantum models of cognition (Download PDF)
     
  • Tressoldi (2012). Replication unreliability in psychology: elusive phenomena or “elusive” statistical power? (Download PDF)

 

Mind-Matter Interaction
 

  • Crookes (1874). Researches in the phenomena of spiritualism (Download PDF)
     
  • Crookes (1874). Notes of séances with DDH (Download PDF)
     
  • Jahn (1982). The persistent paradox of psychic phenomena: An engineering perspective (Download PDF)
     
  • Radin & Nelson (1989). Evidence for Consciousness-Related Anomalies in Random Physical Systems (Download PDF)
     
  • Radin & Ferrari (1991). Effects of Consciousness on the Fall of Dice: A Meta-Analysis (Download PDF)
     
  • Nelson et al (2002). Correlations of continuous random data with major world events (Download PDF)
     
  • Crawford et al (2003). Alterations in Random Event Measures Associated with a Healing Practice (Download PDF)
     
  • Freedman et al (2003). Effects of Frontal Lobe Lesions on Intentionality and Random Physical Phenomena (Download PDF)
     
  • Bosch et al (2006). Examining Psychokinesis: The Interaction of Human Intention With Random Number Generators—A Meta-Analysis (Download PDF)
     
  • Radin et al (2006). Reexamining psychokinesis: Commentary on the Bösch, Steinkamp and Boller meta-analysis (Download PDF)
     
  • Radin (2006). Experiments testing models of mind-matter interaction (Download PDF)
     
  • Radin (2008). Testing nonlocal observation as a source of intuitive knowledge (Download PDF)
     
  • Nelson & Bancel (2011). Effects of mass consciousness: Changes in random data during global events (Download PDF)
     
  • Radin et al (2012). Consciousness and the double-slit interference pattern: Six experiments (Download PDF)
     
  • Shiah & Radin (2013). Metaphysics of the tea ceremony: A randomized trial investigating the roles of intention and belief on mood while drinking tea (Download PDF)

 

Potential Applications

  • Carpenter (2011). Laboratory Psi Effects May Be Put to Practical Use: Two Pilot Studies (Download PDF)
     
  • Schwartz (1980/2000). Location and reconstruction of a Byzantine structure... [by remote viewing] (Download PDF)

 

Books
 

Radin (1997). The Conscious Universe: The Scientific Truth of Psychic Phenomena

Radin (2006). Entangled Minds: Extrasensory Experiences in a Quantum Reality

Irwin & Watt (2007). An Introduction to Parapsychology

Mayer (2008). Extraordinary Knowing: Science, Skepticism, and the Inexplicable Powers of the Human Mind

Kelly et al (2009). Irreducible Mind: Toward a Psychology for the 21st Century

Tart (2009). The End of Materialism: How Evidence of the Paranormal Is Bringing Science and Spirit Together

Carter (2010). Science and the Near-Death Experience: How Consciousness Survives Death

Van Lommel (2011). Consciousness Beyond Life: The Science of the Near-Death Experience

Alexander (2012). Proof of Heaven: A Neurosurgeon's Journey into the Afterlife

Carpenter (2012). First Sight: ESP and Parapsychology in Everyday Life

Carter (2012). Science and Psychic Phenomena: The Fall of the House of Skeptics

Targ (2012). The Reality of ESP: A Physicist's Proof of Psychic Abilities

Radin (2013). Supernormal: Science, Yoga, and the Evidence for Extraordinary Psychic Abilities

 

Websites with access to articles
 

Daryl Bem: Click here »

Brian Josephson: Click here »

Edwin May: Click here »

Stephan Schwartz: Click here »

Rupert Sheldrake: Click here »

James Spottiswoode: Click here »

Charles Tart: Click here »

Russell Targ: Click here »

Patrizio Tressoldi: Click here »

Jessica Utts: Click here »

Richard Wiseman: Click here »

Journal of Scientific Exploration: Click here »

Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research (PEAR) Laboratory: Click here or here »

Division of Perceptual Studies, University of Virginia: Click here »

 

Videos
 

Greyson (2008). Consciousness Without Brain Activity: Near Death Experiences (United Nations)

Radin (2008), Science and the taboo of psi (Google TechTalk)

Sheldrake (2008) The extended mind (Google Tech Talk)

… more to be added …

 

 

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