Walter Cruttenden is the director of the Binary Research Institute, an archaeoastronomy think tank in California. He is the author of the book Lost Star of Myth and Time and the award-winning documentary The Great Year, narrated by James Earl Jones. Cruttenden’s work focuses on the astronomy of ancient cultures throughout the world and their shared belief in vast cycles of time with alternating dark and golden ages.
Is it possible that our Sun has a companion star, and that together they carry Earth through a recurring 24,000-year orbit of powerful stellar influcences? Supported by impeccable science, author Walter Cruttenden puts forth a radical new theory that could change the way we understand the cycles of human history.
Noetic Now Articles
- Certain yogis have remarkable—and proven—abilities. Why does mainstream science remain skeptical? May 22, 2011
Great question. We could just as well ask, why was a heliocentric system not accepted 500 years ago in spite of the evidence? The yogis themselves have answered the question.
Both Paramahansa Yogananda and Sri Yukteswar have stated, in “Autobiography of a Yogi” and “The Holy Science”, that as the solar system moves through space the earth goes through alternating Dark and Golden Ages; something Plato called the Great Year. In the lower ages we understand little and in the higher ages wisdom knows no bounds. We are just barely out of the recent Dark Age and mankind still knows almost nothing of the lost wisdom or advanced states of consciousness in general. But just as spring follows winter so too are we now in an awakening phase and will soon understand the larger cycles and much more, including the science underlying yogic abilities. By the year 4100AD, according to these sages, “telepathy and clairvoyance will once again be common knowledge”. In the meantime its nice to know the Institute of Noetic Sciences has created a platform for discussion of the higher truths.
- Ancient Cosmology: A Map of the Future? May 22, 2011
Mr. Wizard (like your name!)
Recognizing that the rise and fall of the ages is a real phenomena, yet not realizing that what we call the precession observable (stars moving across sky at 50” p/y) is due to solar system motion, it is understandable why Newman, Russell and others would suggest a hypothesis to explain how a wobbling earth might cause electromagnetic field changes sufficient to produce epochal changes in consciousness. Indeed, the changing of the ages attached to the movement of the heavens, deeply ingrained in our mythologies, demands a logical explanation.
It is well established that common celestial motions (rotation and revolution) cause the earth to be subjected to waxing and waning light, and produce significant inner and outer changes. But it is not recognized that a merely wobbling earth can produce such changes (as there is no obvious commensurate increase or decrease in light), nor does a careful analysis of lunisolar theory even confirm the wobbling earth hypothesis. If however, the observable of the stars slowly moving retrograde across the sky is simply the result of the solar system orbiting another star (as all BRI studies suggest), then we can be certain it would be accompanied by some sort of cycle, synchronous with that motion.
Either way it is good to see that scientists are seeking a logical explanation for the cycle of the ages.
- Ancient Cosmology: A Map of the Future? Apr 12, 2011
EQUINOCTIAL CYCLE DISREGARDED
By thus expanding the 1,200 year period into 432,000 solar years, the Kali Yuga teachers entirely lost sight of the connection of the Yugas with the 24,000 year Equinoctial Cycle, and the key to the correct calculation of the World Ages was lost. A modest 24,000 year period is well within the grasp both of the human mind and historical annals and prehistoric records, but who can hope to trace the characteristic outlines of the two sets of four Yugas in the affairs of mankind for a period of 8,640,000 years (24,000 X 360)?
No such difficulty faces us if we seek the evidence of the various World Ages in a 24,000 year cycle, and enough is known of the history of mankind for the past 7,000 years (which roughly covers our historical period) to enable us to clearly trace the distinctive influence on world events of the various Yugas which has, either completely or partially, run their course during that 7,000 year space.
MISTAKEN EXPANSION OF CYCLE
The erroneous computations of the Four Ages, given out by the Kali Yuga scholars when they discovered their chronology was not in keeping with the rules laid down by the ancient rishis, are as follows:
Satya Yuga 4,800 X 360 = 1,728,000
Treta Yuga 3,600 X 360 = 1,296,000
Dwapara Yuga 2,400 X 360 = 864,000
Kali Yuga 1,200 X 360 = 432,000
Total Mahayuga in Solar Years = 4,320,000
No justification exists in the Mahabharata, or in the teachings of Manu,. for this transformation of solar years into "Divine" years in reference to the four Ages of the Equinoctial Cycle, yet these mistaken expanded figures have been accepted, without due investigation, not only by the mathematicians who compile almanacs in present day India but also by writers of standard metaphysical and astrological textbooks. These authors have erected, on this shaky mathematical foundation, elaborate cosmological structures which will not stand the test of astronomical verification.
The 12,000 year period, which loses its intrinsic significance when turned into 432,000 years, was known to all ancient civilizations as the half of an Equinoctial Cycle. The old Mazdeans (Magi of whom the modern Parsis are descendants) had a 12,000 year cycle, Zervan Daregho Hyadata ("Sovereign Time of the Long Period"). With the Greeks and their instructors, the Egyptians, the "Great Age" again referred only to the tropical sidereal year of the Equinoctial Cycle.
- Ancient Cosmology: A Map of the Future? Apr 12, 2011
A fellow kriya yogi,Tara Mata, spoke of the correct calculation of the cycle. Here is an excerpt from her 1932 article "Astrological World Ages":
This accurate method of measuring time was current in India for thousands of years, up to about 700 B.C. At that time a colossal mistake crept into the Hindu almanacs and has been blindly perpetrated ever since. Reference to Diagram (1), which accompanied last month's article, will show that the year 702 B.C., marked the completion of Dwapara Yuga, and the beginning of Kali Yuga, of the Descending Arc.
The Maharaja Judhisthir, who began to reign In India during the latter years of the Dwapara era, voluntarily gave up his throne to his grandson, Raja Pariksht, shortly before the start of the Kali Yuga and retired with all the wise men of his court to a religious retreat In the Himalaya Mountains. Thus, there were none left, at the grandson's court, sufficiently versed in the ancient wisdom, to calculate the Ages correctly. So, when the last year of the 2,400 year period of Dwapara Yuga passed away, and the first year of the 1,200 year Kali Yuga dark Age had arrived, the latter was numbered as the year 2401 instead of year 1 of Kali Yuga. In 498 A.D., when the 1,200 year period of Kali Yuga of the Descending Arc had been completed and the first year of Kali Yuga of the Ascending Arc began, the latter was designated in the Hindu almanacs, as the year 3601 instead of year 1 of Kali Yuga of the Ascending Arc.
SOLAR YEARS BECOME "DIVINE" YEARS
However, as the wise men of that period were well aware, from conditions in India and the world generally, that mankind was In Kali Yuga, the dark Iron Age of Necessity, as described in the prophecies in the Mahabharata, their sacred teachings, and as they also knew that, according to these same scriptures, the age of Kali was fixed at 1,200 years only, they fancied, by way of reconciliation between the scriptures and their current almanacs, that the 1,200 years of Kali were not the ordinary solar years of our earth, but "Divine" years of the gods, consisting of 12 Divine months of 30 Divine days. Each of these Divine days was supposed to be equal in length to one of our solar years.
Thus, the Sanskrit scholars of Kali Yuga, such as Kullu Bhatta, explained away the discrepancies in their almanacs, saying that the 1,200 years allotted by the ancients for the duration of one Kali Yuga, were equal (1,200 X 360) to 432,000 solar years of our earth, and that, In 498 A.D., 3600 years of this long Kali Yuga had passed away. Thus the mistaken calculation gained firmer ground in Hindu chronology, and today the almanacs used in India state that the present year is the 5,034th of Kali Yuga, of which 426,966 years still remain. (cont in next post)
- Ancient Cosmology: A Map of the Future? Apr 03, 2011
Harry (part two response)
Re precession periodicity: Not realizing that the stars currently moving across the sky at about 50.3” p/y (the current precession rate) is actually the observable of a solar system in motion, few astronomers have thought to correct for Kepler’s laws. Consequently, most assume the present rate is static and extrapolate a period without eccentricity and thus arrive at a number close to the textbook number you have stated. But the world is not flat, and the solar system is not static, so let us hope the proponents of the lunisolar precession theory come to their senses quicker than Galileo’s inquisitors. If so, they will see an overwhelming body of evidence that a moving solar system model that adheres to Kepler’s laws with an average of 54”p/y and apoapsis at about 500AD (exactly as given by the Indian Astronomer Sri Yukteswar in 1894) proves to be 41 times more accurate than Simon Newcomb’s 1897 precession equation in predicting changes in the precession rate over the last 100 years (1900 to 2000). As you know 54” p/y equates to an orbit period of 24,000 years (1,296,000”/24,000y=54”p/y), thus the Ancients were right. As amazing as it is, it appears our daily system of time really is a nearly perfect microcosm of the Great Year.
Newton’s lunisolar precession equation never worked. It has been corrected and modified hundreds of times resulting in a modern precession nutation equation that as of the year 2000 has almost 1400 terms (mostly inputs added over the years to try to make the equation result match the observable precession rate). It is no better than an accounting gimmick. In fact, since 2000 the International Astronomical Union came to the conclusion (IAU PO3) that the precession equation is “not consistent with dynamical theory”. In layman terms, “it’s broken”. Science needs a better precession theory but paradigms are slow to change. Considering the fact a moving solar system model better explains all the precession observables, does so with a fraction of the terms, and is historically 41 times more accurate, doesn’t Occam’s Razor demand it? I am happy to provide you with mathematical models and a lot more data through a more appropriate forum if you wish.
Harry, thank you for bringing these issues up, they are important. I know it seems incredible, but in this case, it appears the Ancients have one on us.
- Ancient Cosmology: A Map of the Future? Apr 03, 2011
Hi Harry (part one response)
Thank you, good points. The IONS vision is dear to my heart. I love the line, “We take inspiration from the great discoveries of human history that have been sourced from insight and intuition and that have harnessed reason and logic for their outer expression.” This speaks to the very core of our work at the Binary Research Institute and it is no doubt why I was asked by the editor to submit an article. But I understand your skepticism. Our findings do challenge the accepted paradigm.
It is only after years of rigorous examination of precession mechanics, tested with mathematical models, that we find the widely accepted theory of lunisolar precession to be deeply flawed. It is based on a static solar system model when in fact our solar system is moving. Not that we can blame Copernicus or Newton, they were unaware the sun could move. But we now have the data to rework the theory, and it has vast implications because it implies the Ancients were correct, there is a basis for a cycle. Their prescient statements, through myth and folklore that history (consciousness) rises and falls with the motions of the heavens (precession), demands we reexamine our simple notions of the past. There is an increasing body of evidence of advanced cultures around the world that operated in harmony with the earth long before the Dark Age wiped out most of these memories. Our fascination with shiny gadgets nowadays may cause us to view them as primitive but are we so certain? It is only by looking at our science and histories with an open mind that we have any chance to re-member the lost ancestral wisdom. Fortunately, the wind is at our back and many brave scientists are challenging the vestiges of myopic dark-age thinking that still linger in our sciences today. While the term new age is too abused to use it is hard to deny that some awakening is at hand.
Re the number of constellations: We agree. If you want to remake the ancient zodiac and add in Ophiuchus you could also add Bootes, Coma Berenices, Eridanus, and Leo Minor (there are well within Pluto’s incline), or you might take out Scorpius, as it represents such a small slice. But just as the Ancients gave us a system of time with twelve numbers on the dial (and we do not change that), so should we be careful before throwing out a zodiac with twelve constellations that has been handed down for thousands of years. Like the numbers on the clock these represent markers in time to tell us where we stand in the day, year or Great Year. And yes you can use either equinox or solstice, or put four hands on a clock if you wish, but one will suffice. (continued)
- Ancient Cosmology: A Map of the Future? Apr 02, 2011
Hi Car – There is nothing to stop us from reaching our true potential now. It might be harder to see in the night than the day or harder to stay warm in the winter than the summer, but this does not mean we have to walk around blind and cold. The saints and sages of all religions teach us we can have a golden age consciousness now in spite of the worldly weather. Besides, sunrises are fun too!
- Ancient Cosmology: A Map of the Future? Mar 29, 2011
The major cycles of night and day, the seasons, and the rise and fall of civilization, find their foundation in observable celestial motions.
Manu’s yugas fit the rate at which we see the stars move retrograde across the sky (precession) and make perfect sense of myth and folklore. The Dark Age error of multiplication by divine years, that makes the yugas seem absurdly long, decoupled our history from the heavens - but it will not stand the test of time - astronomy is too exact.
For the full story read Sri Yukteswar’s epoch changing book, The Holy Science.
- Ancient Cosmology: A Map of the Future? Mar 16, 2011
Hi Harry – You raise some thoughtful points. The article specs allowed only limited space so I would refer you to my book “Lost Star of Myth and Time”, which has about 300 pages and addresses most of your questions. We also hold annual conferences on this subject where various authors, professors and scientists from physicists and geologists to astronomers and anthropologists address the points in detail. The 7th annual Conference on Precession and Ancient Knowledge will be held this fall in Sedona, www.CPAKonline.com if you are interested. And there is a podcast series on the subject “The Cosmic Influence” (on Apple iTunes) where we interview some of the scientists and authors that speak to the subject in a lighter style.
Alas, when we are back in the telepathic clairvoyant era none of this material will be that material! : )
- Ancient Cosmology: A Map of the Future? Mar 14, 2011
There are non-luminous categories worth consideration (brown dwarf, blackhole, etc.) and yes, astronomers acknowledge solar system (ss) revolution within the galaxy, which happens to equate to about .005” p/y (360 degrees/~240 million years), but what we actually observe is over 50” p/y of motion relative to the VLBI reference points. Because all of this is attributed to classical precession (local dynamics) ss motion is constrained to zero! Some say ss motion is too small to matter and therefore it does not have to be accounted for, but this motion and any other unidentified motions, may only appear too small because the entire observable has already been allocated away (to one lunisolar theory). It is a circular argument and should be questioned on that basis but there is also new evidence that demands a larger explanation. See "The Spacecraft Flyby Mystery" - Is There a New Physics Waiting to be Discovered?:
Given the fact that the anomalous accelerations occur in unbounded spacecraft, and that it looks a lot like precession (Anderson’s suspicion that there may be an issue with the earth’s rotation), it is possible that our ss is accelerating, moving from apoapsis to periapsis around the center of gravity producing a gradual change in orientation. This means that what we call precession is not wholly an artifact of a wobbling earth but may be largely the observable of ss motion. In fact, we used this moving ss model to predict that Gravity Probe B would find one or more large unknown signals. That is exactly what happened and NASA withdrew funding, rating the project an “F”.
If the ss were curving through space (the observable would be indistinguishable from precession), then in addition to the earth’s rotation and revolution we would have to account for ss motion around the center of mass. The fact that the Messenger spacecraft did not show this effect may hint that the direction of the mass is below the ss plane (Messenger’s exit). This might also explain the incline of Plutos’ orbit as well as Sedna’s strange orbit (which is much farther out but similar in incline to Pluto). At least everything seems to point that way – no pun intended. While no one knows for certain what causes the anomalous accelerations, ss motion is one plausible answer that does not require new physics. It needs to be fairly evaluated.
- Ancient Cosmology: A Map of the Future? Mar 11, 2011
While it is true that astronomy has not yet found a partner to our Sun, most stars do have companions and there is still much to learn about our stellar neighborhood. In fact, Mike Brown, Professor of Astronomy at Caltech, winner of the Feynman prize and discoverer of Sedna, has stated, “Sedna shouldn’t be there. There is no way to put Sedna where it is…”. Independently, Professors Whitmire and Matesse and other credible astronomers have written papers proposing a companion. It is interesting to note that Sedna’s periodicity of 12,000 years is in ideal gravitational resonance (2:1) with the hypothetical companion, who’s 24,000 year periodicity was described long before Sedna’s discovery.
Not knowing the solar system could move Newton explained the sun’s changing position by assuming lunisolar forces wobbled the earth; the lunisolar theory. But Newton ‘s equations did not work. They were supposedly “fixed” many times over the years by physicists who added inputs for everything from the inner and outer planets to asteroids and changes in the earth’s atmosphere – all in an effort to make the equation’s output match the changing precession observable. With all the patches and repairs the equation now has almost 1400 terms! In comparison a moving solar system model, based on Kepler’s laws and the orbit parameters put forth by Sri Yukteswar in 1894, has a fraction of the terms and has proven to be 41x more accurate in predicting the changing rate of precession (seen as the sun’s annual motion across the stellar background) over the last 100 years.
An accelerating solar system also appears to neatly explain a number of solar system oddities, including the steady increase in the rate of precession, the sun’s apparent lack of angular momentum relative to the planets, and quite possibly, the anomalous acceleration of numerous spacecraft flybys.
But stevew is right. It is exceedingly difficult to believe that astronomers may have missed something. Then again maybe we aren’t looking at things the right way. Dark Age astronomers could not see the earth move and thus stuck to the geocentric system for over a thousand years. Today’s astronomers do not see the solar system move and believe all changes in earth orientation must be the result of local gravitational effects.
E pur si muove!
Topics herein are discussed in greater detail in the paper: Earth Orientation: Does Solar System Motion Matter, or elsewhere on the BRI website.